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Residence

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Which Type of Residence
How Finding Lodging
How to Purchase & Rent Housing
How to Make Rent Contract
How to Move in
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Which Type of Residence

Type of Residence

Types of housing in Korea are related to the climate. Winter is cold, and summer is hot and humid. This is why traditional Korean housing uses the "ondol" heating system to get through the winter. Ondol is created by building air passageways under the floor to allow heat to circulate from a fire lit elsewhere in the house. The passageways are covered with flat bricks, which are then covered with mud. The fireplace at the start of the air passageways is called an "agungi", and it is usually located in the kitchen. The floor stays heated for a long time thanks to the way the bricks retain the heat.
Traditional housing styles consist of "chogajip" and "giwajip." Chogajip can be seen these days almost exclusively at Yongin Folk Village. They have straw roofs and their walls are made of earth and wood, making them cool in summer and warm in winter. The rice-straw used for roofing is also called "ieong". Giwajips use tiles on the roof instead of straw. They are not fancy, but are quiet and full of feeling.
Shoes are removed when entering the home. In the past, traditional houses had no chairs. Foreigners who are unaccustomed to sitting on the floor with their legs folded for long periods of time may find doing so difficult, but Koreans are used to this. Instead of beds, people sleep on beddings placed on the ondol floor. The Korean style mattress, the "yo," holds the heat from the ondol, allowing one to enjoy the warmth for a long time. These days, even houses in the countryside use modern heating systems to heat the floor, but it is still possible to find the old methods still employed to heat old houses.

Traditional Houses
Traditional Korean houses are constructed of wood. They have ondol for warmth in the winter, and their daecheong maru floor area, connecting the rooms and the outdoors, make for a cooler summer.
High Rise Apartments
Korea is ten times the global average in population density. The population is particularly dense in the cities, where a lack of space means there are a lot of apartments. They are five or more stories of units grouped together, allowing for each household to live independently. Apartments for the majority of the population are generally 13 pyeong, 18 pyeong, or 25 pyeong in size, but there are also luxury-size apartments over 45 pyeong in space. In most city areas, apartments use gas piped in from elsewhere for heating and cooking.
Yeollip Jutaek
While "yeollip jutaek" may also be called apartments, in Korean, the word "apateu" generally refers to high rise apartments, while yeollip jutaek speaks of "small size apartment buildings" of under three stories. They are similar to high rise apartments in internal layout.
Houses
Called "dandok jutaek" in Korean, meaning "individual house," individual homes are usually one or two stories and have small yard areas.
Officetel
"Officetel" is a unique term created from the English words"office" and "hotel." These are in apartment-like buildings but their floor layout is designed to be a combination of office and living space.
One Rooms
"One rooms" are like studio apartments that have the sleeping, living, and cooking area all in the same room, with a small bathroom attached. These are becoming more popular.
Quick Statistics
Area on average : 165㎡ - 330㎡
Types of house: villa, officetel (office + hotel)
Korea area unit : 1 pyeong=3.3㎡